An Overview of the Skin

Mike Rafferty gives a quick review of the different layers of the skin, and then examines these with relation to important skin cancers.

 

Lecture by

Video Duration: 5 minutes

  • Melanoma
    Created by Mike Finlay Allen
    General
    Epidemiology

    1 in 20 skin cancers are melanomas which are formed from the melanocytes.

    Pathology

    Cancer is caused by uncontrolled and unregulated cell growth, this abnormal growth occurs in the melanocytes to form melanomas.

    Top three causes

    UV damage to the skin

    Clinical Features
    Symptoms

    A large mole that is growing

    Signs

    Asymmetry

    Border, irregular

    Colour, multiple

    Diameter, >6mm and growing

    Evolving, changing and developing new symptoms or physical signs

    Investigations
    Cultures

    None

    Bloods

    None

    Imaging

    None

    Scopic/Biopsy

    Wide local excision - staging to work out the prognosis

    Functional

    None

    Treatment
    Conservative

    Protect skin from sun exposure

    Medical

    Chemotherapy

    Radiotherapy

    Immunotherapy

    Surgical

    None