Video Duration: 15 minutes
Degenerative joint disease with articular surface degeneration, formation of new bone and secondary inflammation. Affects over 80% of the population at some point.
Repeated microtrauma damages the cartilage in weight bearing joints, eventually exposing the subchondral bone. Chondrocytes attempt repair, resulting in osteophytes and sclerosis. The synovial membrane becomes inflamed and produces an effusion. Primary or secondary.
2. Gender (female)
1. Loss of joint space
4. Subchondral cysts
Arthroscopy - reveals early fissuring and erosion of cartilage